Ulaanbaatar City Tours – National Museum of Mongolia 

Ulaanbaatar City Tours, Homestays & City Travel Information – Mongolia

The origins of Ulaanbaatar City’s National Museum of Mongolia date back to 1924, when it was established to present Mongolia’s culture and natural resources to the public. The museum was renamed to be “State Central Museum” in 1941. In 1956, the museum moved into a new building in Ulaanbaatar City, which would later go on to become the Natural History Museum and eventually be demolished. In 1991 it overtook the Museum of the Revolution alongside its artifacts and building, which was built in 1971. In 2008, the museum saw another name change “the National Museum of Mongolia”. By then it had about fifty thousand artifacts in 9 halls, which made up about 30 percent of all artifacts of all Mongolian museums. 

The halls are classified by Mongolia’s historic periods – Stone Age, Ancient Empires, Chingis Khan’s Great empire to current Mongolia. The first hall takes us back to the Prehistoric Age, with tools and weapons, cave paintings, Deer stones, bronze weapons and armor found from ancient burial mounds from different stages of the Stone Age

Next comes the Ancient Empires chamber that features artifacts from all the empires that existed on these lands before the Great Mongolian empire. The list includes jewelry, rune stones, human stones and weapons, traditional clothes and accessories worn by all the different ethnic groups of Mongolia used hundreds of years ago. 

Then comes the Great Mongolia hall – home to rune stones depicting Chingis Khan and his descendants exploits, the seal of Great Mongolia found in the Vatican Secret Archives with the empires internal and foreign affairs letters and much more. 

The Manchurian Era Hall shows Mongolia’s struggle against the Qing Dynasty’s oppression. It has everyday household items from the clocks to family trees, the standard and weapons used by Chingunjav’s soldiers to fight the Manchurians, and even the torture devices used by the Qing dynasty to interrogate and punish the dissenters. 

The Traditional Culture and Lifestyle Hall immerses visitors into tunes from the 17th century with various instruments. The hall also displays everyday items such as hunting equipment, smithing tools, sewing kits, utensils, scrolls on medicine and more. 

The Bogd Khan Era, Socialist Era and Democratic Era Halls show us the development of Mongolia’s history during each era through state documents, photographs, everyday items and other items used by historically significant people. 

GER to GER GEOtourism Mongolia - Ulaanbaatar City Tours and Attractions
GER to GER GEOtourism Mongolia - Ulaanbaatar City Tours and Attractions


Ulaanbaatar City Tours, Homestays and Sightseeing Attractions

Ulaanbaatar City is the capital of Mongolia. Geographically, Ulaanbaatar city sits on the banks of River Tuul and in a valley between four mountains. According to the 2016 consensus, Ulaanbaatar City has 9 districts spread over 470,000 acres of land and 1,440,447 people, with 67 percent being under the age of 35.

Ulaanbaatar City originated in 1639 as a ger palace gifted to Zanabazar, when he was proclaimed as the First Bogd Khan. Following the nomadic ways, the city moved throughout the country 28 times before it grew too big to move in 1855 and settled in its current location. In the early days of Ulaanbaatar City’s history, it served as the political and religious center for Mongolia. 

By the 19th century, the once palace had turned into a proper city with religion, government, politics and trade with a population of twenty-thousand people. In 1924, the modern foundation of Ulaanbaatar City was divided into 13 districts, 4 of which were revamped into new districts in 1965, 5 were abolished and the youngest district was instated in 1992 when Ulaanbaatar City was declared the capital of Mongolia once again.